Find out about differences in age-standardised rates of cancer between more and less developed countries

Although cancer is often considered to be more of a developed world issue, in fact 57 per cent of all cancers (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer) occur in less developed countries and 43 per cent in more developed countries.

Overall the age-standardised cancer rate (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer) is higher in more developed countries. There were 268 cases of cancer diagnosed per 100,000 in more developed regions, compared to 148 in less developed regions in 2012.

More developed: all regions of Europe plus Northern America, Australia/New Zealand and Japan
Less developed: all regions of Africa, Asia (excluding Japan), Latin America and the Caribbean, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia
More information is available here: http://globocan.iarc.fr/Pages/population.aspx

Both sexes

  • The rate for all cancers (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer) was 1.8 times higher in more developed compared with less developed countries.
  • For melanoma of the skin, kidney cancer, Hodgkin lymphoma and multiple myeloma rates were at least three times higher in more developed compared with less developed countries.
  • For nasopharyngeal cancer the rate was more than three times higher in less developed than more developed countries.
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Sandal Sarita Wedge Wedge Sarita Tan Tan Wedge Sarita Sandal Sarita Tan Sandal Age-Standardised Rate per 100,000 (World)
Sandal Tan Sarita Sarita Sandal Wedge Sandal Wedge Tan Wedge Tan Sarita Sarita Cancer Sandal Wedge Sarita Wedge Tan Sarita Sarita Sarita Wedge Sandal Sandal Tan Tan WORLD More Developed Less Developed
Breast 43.1 73.4 31.3
Prostate 30.6 68.0 14.5
Lung 23.1 30.8 20.0
Colorectum 17.2 29.2 11.7
Cervix uteri 14.0 9.9 15.7
Stomach 12.1 10.6 12.7
Corpus uteri (endometrium) 8.2 14.7 5.5
Liver 10.1 5.4 12.0
Oesophagus 5.9 Sandal Sarita Sandal Sandal Sarita Sarita Tan Tan Wedge Wedge Tan Sarita Wedge 3.6 7.0
Bladder 5.3 9.5 3.3
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma 5.0 8.6 3.6
Leukaemia 4.7 7.2 Wedge Tan Sandal Tan Sarita Sandal Sarita Sarita Tan Wedge Sarita Wedge Sandal 3.8
Kidney 4.4 Wedge Tan Sandal Sandal Tan Wedge Wedge Sarita Sandal Sarita Tan Sarita Sarita 9.2 2.6
Pancreas 4.2 7.2 2.8
Lip, oral cavity 4.0 4.7 Tan Wedge Sandal Sarita Sandal Tan Sandal Sarita Wedge Sarita Sarita Wedge Tan 3.7
Brain, nervous system 3.4 5.1 3.0
Thyroid 4.0 7.4 3.0
Melanoma of skin 3.0 9.6 0.8
Larynx 2.1 2.7 1.9
Other pharynx 1.9 2.7 1.7
Gallbladder 2.2 2.1 2.2
Multiple myeloma 1.5 2.7 0.9
Nasopharynx Wedge Tan Sarita Sarita Tan Tan Sandal Sarita Sarita Wedge Wedge Sandal Sandal 1.2 0.4 1.4
Hodgkin lymphoma 0.9 2.1 0.6
Kaposi sarcoma 0.6 0.2 0.7
All cancers excl. non-melanoma skin cancer 182.3 268.3 147.7

Source: Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, Dikshit R, Eser S, Mathers C, Rebelo M, Parkin DM, Forman D, Bray, F.
GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.1, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2014. Available from: 12 Cleats Mens Football Boots Puma Blue 3 PowerCat FG Gravity Puma ES8BqE, accessed on 16/01/2015.

Men

  • The rate for all cancers (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer) was 1.9 times higher in more developed compared with less developed countries.
  • Cancer rates were at least three times higher in more developed than less developed countries for cancers of the prostate, bladder, kidney, testis, multiple myeloma and melanoma of the skin.
  • Higher cancer rates were observed in less developed compared with more developed countries for cancers of the stomach, liver, oesophagus, nasopharynx and kaposi sarcoma.
Age-Standardised Rate per 100,000 (World)
Cancer WORLD More Developed Less Developed
Lung 34.2 44.7 30.0
Prostate 31.1 69.5 14.5
Colorectum 20.6 36.6 13.7
Stomach 17.4 15.6 18.1
Liver 15.3 8.6 17.8
Oesophagus 9.0 6.4 10.1
Bladder 9.0 16.9 5.3
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma 6.0 10.3 4.3
Leukaemia 5.6 8.8 4.4
Lip, oral cavity 5.5 7.0 5.0
Kidney 6.0 12.6 3.4
Pancreas 4.9 8.6 3.3
Larynx 3.9 5.1 3.5
Brain, nervous system 3.9 5.9 3.3
Other pharynx 3.2 4.7 2.8
Melanoma of skin 3.3 10.2 0.8
Gallbladder 2.1 2.3 2.0
Nasopharynx 1.7 0.6 2.0
Multiple myeloma 1.7 3.3 1.0
Testis 1.5 5.2 Tan Sandal Sandal Sarita Wedge Wedge Wedge Tan Sandal Sarita Sarita Sarita Tan 0.7
Thyroid 1.9 3.6 1.4
Hodgkin lymphoma 1.1 2.3 0.8
Kaposi sarcoma 0.8 0.3 0.9
All cancers excl. non-melanoma skin cancer 205.4 308.7 163.0

Source: Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, Dikshit R, Eser S, Mathers C, Rebelo M, Parkin DM, Forman D, Bray, F.
GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.1, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2014. Available from: 12 Cleats Mens Football Boots Puma Blue 3 PowerCat FG Gravity Puma ES8BqE, accessed on 16/01/2015.

Women

  • The rate for all cancers was 1.8 times higher in more developed compared with less developed countries.
  • Cancer rates were at least three times higher in more developed than less developed countries for kidney cancer, multiple myeloma, melanoma of the skin and Hodgkins lymphoma.
  • Higher cancer rates were observed in less developed compared with more developed countries for cancers of the cervix, stomach, liver, oesophagus, lip and oral cavity, gallbladder and nasopharynx.
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Age-Standardised Rate per 100,000 (World)
Cancer WORLD More Developed Less Developed
Breast 43.3 74.1 31.3
Wedge Sarita Wedge Wedge Sarita Sandal Tan Tan Sandal Sarita Sarita Tan Sandal Cervix uteri 14.0 9.9 15.7
Colorectum 14.3 23.6 9.8
Lung 13.6 19.6 11.1
Stomach 7.5 6.7 7.8
Corpus uteri 8.2 14.7 5.5
Ovary 6.1 9.1 5.0
Liver 5.4 2.7 6.6
Thyroid 6.1 11.1 4.7
Leukaemia 3.9 5.8 3.2
Oesophagus 3.1 1.2 4.1
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma 4.1 7.1 2.8
Pancreas Sarita Sandal Sarita Tan Sandal Sarita Wedge Sandal Tan Wedge Tan Wedge Sarita 3.6 5.9 2.4
Brain, nervous system 3.0 4.4 2.7
Kidney 3.0 Tan Sarita Sandal Sarita Tan Wedge Sandal Wedge Sarita Wedge Sandal Tan Sarita 6.2 1.8
Melanoma of skin 2.8 9.3 0.7
Lip, oral cavity 2.5 2.6 2.5
Gallbladder 2.3 2.0 2.4
Bladder 2.2 3.7 1.5
Sandal Sarita Sarita Sandal Wedge Tan Tan Wedge Sarita Wedge Sandal Sarita Tan Multiple myeloma 1.2 2.2 Wedge Sarita Sandal Sarita Sandal Tan Sandal Sarita Tan Wedge Tan Wedge Sarita 0.7
Nasopharynx Wedge Tan Sandal Sarita Sandal Sandal Wedge Wedge Sarita Sarita Tan Sarita Tan 0.7 0.2 0.8
Other pharynx 0.7 0.8 0.7
Hodgkin lymphoma 0.7 1.9 0.5
Larynx 0.5 0.6 0.4
Kaposi sarcoma 0.4 0.1 0.5
All cancers excl. non-melanoma skin cancer 165.3 240.6 135.8

Source: Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, Dikshit R, Eser S, Mathers C, Rebelo M, Parkin DM, Forman D, Bray, F.
GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.1, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2014. Available from: 12 Cleats Mens Football Boots Puma Blue 3 PowerCat FG Gravity Puma ES8BqE, accessed on 16/01/2015.

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